The Michigan Sheriffs’ Coordinating and Training Council (MSCTC) has approved a one hundred sixty hour (160) Local Corrections Officer Academy for correctional personnel supervising inmates in county jails. The Academy consists of fourteen (14) modules and is offered by various Sheriff’s Offices and institutions of higher education throughout the state. The Academies are conducted by instructors who are certified by the MSCTC, and depending on the location, the Academy schedule may be modified to accommodate the unique needs of students.
100% class attendance for all Academy modules
. If any portion of a class is missed, it is the responsibility of the student to arrange for completion of the missed class.
A written examination will be given at the completion of each module. A passing score of 70% or better is required to successfully complete each module. Note:
A passing score for the Defensive Tactics and the First Aid/CPR/AED modules will be determined by the provider conducting the training.
Satisfactory completion of the 160 hour academy is one of the requirements to become certified as a local corrections officer. Please see Minimum Standards
to review other requirements.
The 160 hour program consists of the following training modules:
Booking and Intake (8 hours)
This module is designed to create familiarity with the normal sequence of events during the booking and intake process in a jail. The module will include learning the proper procedures for booking inmates, as well as understanding legal responsibilities and potential liability of actions during the booking and intake process.
Correctional Law (16 hours)
This module examines the legal principles and processes which impact the custody of inmates and the management of local correctional facilities by providing basic knowledge of the law and parameters of legal decisions. Benchmark cases involving inmate and staff lawsuits will be examined to provide insight and perspective about the basis for many of the laws which affect daily responsibilities within a jail.
Cultural Diversity (4 hours)
This module is designed to develop understanding and sensitivity about cultural diversity when dealing with inmates and staff. Origins of cultural traditions are examined, as well as methods for dealing with unique ethnic, racial and religious distinctions.
Custody and Security (24 hours)
This module will focus on security issues and procedures within a jail. Training includes weapons and key control, inmate counts and security checks, inmate movement, contraband recognition and control and searches. Security issues relative to trustee and day-parole inmates are also covered, as well as transportation of prisoners, courtroom security, hospital security, and hostage situations.
Defensive Tactics (40 hours)
This module will introduce proven methods of defensive and offensive techniques utilized in the management of inmates. One program used in this module is Pressure Point Control Tactics (PPCT) Inmate Control, PPCT GAGE and PPCT Spontaneous Knife Defense. Additional defensive tactics programs have been approved by the Council that will satisfy this required training.
Ethics (2 hours)
This module is designed to recognize, enhance and reinforce ethical behavior and integrity. Ethical decision making exercises generate discussions and are designed to help determine the most appropriate manner to handle various situations which may occur during on-duty and off-duty hours.
Fire Safety (12 hours)
This module is designed to demonstrate basic fire science procedures, including proper fire suppression techniques, utilizing portable fire extinguishers and functioning within a smoke filled environment using a Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA). Emphasis is placed upon function, proper use and maintenance of the SCBA.
The module is not intended to develop skills of a professional fire fighter, but will demonstrate how to quickly recognize and suppress small fires and effectively implement rescue procedures for personnel and inmates during fire and smoke situations in a competent, confident and professional manner.
First Aid/CPR/AED (8 hours)
This module is designed to demonstrate the required skills for a first responder in a jail. The approved programs for this module are the American Red Cross, Workplace Training, Standard First Aid; American Heart Association, Heartsaver First Aid; and American Safety & Health Institute, First Responder.
Interpersonal Communications (16 hours)
This module will focus on developing the skills to effectively communicate with inmates and neutralize aggressive encounters. This National Institute of Corrections (NIC) course is designed to sharpen verbal and non-verbal communication with inmates and colleagues. The module utilizes a combination of text and video scenarios to demonstrate various skills and includes role playing exercises.
Prisoner Behavior (8 hours)
This module addresses characteristics of human behavior, with specific emphasis on antisocial, manipulative and mental disorders often exhibited by inmates. The module also explores methods of recognizing and effectively dealing with behavioral issues and mental illness symptoms.
Report Writing (8 hours)
This module is designed to improve basic writing skills and provide techniques which enhance effectiveness in documenting inmate behavior and occurrences in the jail. Clear, concise, and objective report writing is one of the most important tools in a correctional facility. It will improve inmate management, enhance security, and minimize potential liability for the agency.
Workplace Harassment (2 hours)
This module addresses the personal and legal perspective of sexual harassment by examining its causes, manifestations and ramifications. The Elliot-Larsen Act is a focal point of the module, which reviews definitions and remedies regarding sexual harassment.
Stress Management (4 hours)
This module examines the causes and levels of stress and the effects of stress on the mind and body. The module also explains and demonstrates effective methods of stress reduction.
Suicide Awareness (8 hours)
This module is designed to identify signs of an inmate’s suicidal behavior and emphasizes the important role of the correctional facility and staff in preventing prisoner suicide. The training focuses on commonly exhibited behavior of suicidal prisoners, prevention and intervention techniques, and emergency procedures for attempted suicides.